27 octombrie 2012

Cardiologie



Dupa curriculum de pregatire in specialitatea Cardiologie:

Cardiologia este specialitatea care se ocupă cu depistarea, diagnosticarea, tratarea şi recuperarea bolnavilor cu suferinţe cardiovasculare prin mijloace nechirurgicale.

Durata de pregatire: 5 ani

Dupa Pathway Evaluation Program:

Cardiology is a board-certified subspecialty of internal medicine concerned with diseases of the heart, lungs and blood vessels.  Cardiology involves the prevention, diagnosis, and management of disorders of the cardiovascular system, including ischemic heart disease, cardiac dysrhythmias, cardiomyopathies, valvular heart disease, pericarditis and myocarditis, endocarditis, congenital heart disease in adults, hypertension, and disorders of the veins, arteries, and pulmonary circulation. Management of risk factors for disease and early diagnosis and intervention for established disease are important elements of the specialty. 

The specialty is relatively high-tech in its approach to diagnosis and treatment and is also on the cutting edge in preventive health and noninvasive treatment modalities. Two areas of specialization include interventional cardiology, the discipline responsible for catheter-based interventions in the management of ischemic heart disease, congenital heart disease, and acquired valvular disease; and clinical electrophysiology, the discipline that manages complex cardiac arrhythmias with the use of implantable pacemakers and cardioverter defibrillators, as well as the application of other interventional techniques and treatments. 

Cardiologists deal primarily with adults, many of whom are elderly. They manage complex cardiac conditions such as heart attacks and arrhythmias, perform complicated diagnostic procedures, and consult with surgeons on heart surgery.  The practice involves a wide scope of patient care activities, ranging from basic physical exams to sophisticated interventions in lifeand-death emergencies.  

Five types of illnesses/conditions most frequently encountered:
  • Coronary artery disease/angina,
  • Congestive heart disease, 
  • Hypertension, 
  • Arrythmias, 
  • Hyperlipidemias.


Dupa The Ultimate Guide to Choosing a Medical Specialty:


Like fighter pilots, cardiologists take calculated risks while exercising skill and precision. As experts in the diagnosis and management of cardiovascular diseases, they take care of life-threatening medical conditions that affect a large majority of the population.

Many of the treatment options, whether pharmacologic or interventional, have immediate life-saving benefits. A procedure-oriented specialty, cardiology requires a great deal of manual dexterity. It is a perfect field for those who love gadgets. You will perform cardiac catheterization, electrocardiograms, nuclear stress tests, and echocardiography.

You will place stents within the coronary vasculature, open clogged arteries with balloon angioplasty, and even electrically convert patients into normal sinus rhythms through defibrillation.

Life as a heroic cardiologist, however, can be physically draining. They work extremely long, arduous hours taking care of very sick patients. Due the large numbers of patients admitted to the hospital with heart attacks, cardiologists frequently come to the hospital in the middle of the night.

Despite the rigors of the profession, cardiologists maintain long, intimate relationships with their patients. They also practice preventive medicine by identifying risk factors for early diagnosis of heart disease. If you enjoy studying the anatomy and physiology of the heart and love mastering technical procedures, then cardiology is the subspecialty for you.

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